President Museveni, speaking as the outgoing Chair of the International Conference on the Great Lakes Region (ICGLR) in Luanda, Angola pointed out the conflicts that have afflicted the region, namely the colonial manipulation of indigenous castes which resulted in the first genocide organized by the Belgians in Rwanda in 1959.
The President decried Mobutu’s “wrong foreign and domestic policies”, and harboring enemies of neighbors – Angola, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, and Congo Brazaville.
Thirdly, Museveni pointed out the failure by the people of Sudan to “resolve the issues of their diversity resulting in the prolonged civil war in that country, involving eventually, Uganda.”
Very rarely, if ever, has anybody aptly called the so-called Hutu social revolution of 1959 by its rightful name:genocide. As is his vintage style, Museveni did not mince his words.
Museveni is, by his own admission, a linguist of African dialects, and very well versed in the history of the region that the ICGLR covers, comprised of 12 countries, and 6 co-opted members.
In succinct detail, President Museveni went into what eventually led to the Genocide against Tutsi in 1994, pointing out that the Belgian-sponsored genocide of 1959-60 in Rwanda created a Tutsi diaspora that dispersed in the region – Uganda, Congo, Burundi and Tanzania.
“The sectarian and bankrupt Hutu regime, spurred on by the greedy foreigners who are always hovering around with a lot of confusion and shallowness, thought that genocide was the solution to the “Tutsi” problem – just like Hitler with the Jews of Europe”, said President Museveni.
Museveni lambasted those who organized and executed the Genocide against Tutsi in 1994, saying; “The Hutu regime fled with a million people to Goma, Congo, with arms. With Mobutu’s support, they were threatening to re-invade Rwanda and finish their genocide programme.”
“That is what started the first Congo war of 1996 that resulted in the downfall of Mobutu,” said Museveni.
Museveni clearly and forcefully pointed out the genesis of the un-rest in eastern DRC; “Up to now the presence of the Rwanda genocidaires in Eastern Congo has not been solved – leading to endless problems such as the 2nd. Congo war, the Nkunda uprising, the M-23, etc.”
But this simple truth keeps falling on deaf ears, prompting many to point an accusing finger at Kigali for allegedly meddling in the DRC.
This is not rocket science.
“In order to avoid the Hutu diaspora of 1994 substituting for the Tutsi diaspora of 1959, the solution should have involved the right of return by those new exiles BUT WITH ACCOUNTABILITY FOR THE CRIMES THEY COMMITTED using a graduated scale of separating the misleaders from the misled and being harsh on the former and lenient on the latter,” Museveni concluded.
It is this simple.
Museveni went on to say; “If there are those that did not want to go back to Rwanda, they should have been removed from the border to deep inside Congo and should have been disarmed. This has never been done conclusively. This must be done.”
Indeed, international law so demands.
In conclusion, President Museveni touched on the plight of the Banyamurenge, saying; ” Denying the Banyarwanda of Eastern Congo, especially the Tutsi, either overtly or covertly, the inalienable right to the land of their ancestry” lies at the root cause of the conflict in Eastern DRC.
“To deal with the consequences without dealing with the cause is not a durable solution,” Museveni concluded.